提花机发明之前60年的“提花机”

约瑟夫·玛丽·提花
约瑟夫·玛丽·提花

通常提供以下信息:“1805年约瑟夫·马里·查尔斯·提花(Joseph-Marie Charles Jacquard)的带穿孔卡的图案编织机专利”.
提花机可能是第一个能够申请专利的发明人,但是由打孔卡驱动的全自动织机的技术实际上并不是他的发明。加拿大读者,工业科学家,纽芬兰纪念大学圣约翰分校高性能机器人实验室的教授Luc Rolland博士引起了我们的注意。’s.
The first endeavours to develop a control system using punched tape, based on the mechanisms of music automata, were made in the early 18th century. Basile Bou¬chon, who worked at one of the Lyon silk centres, used this system in 1725 to create a semi-automated alternative to the draw loom. His assistant, Jean-Baptiste Falcon, improved the invention in 1728, adding further improvements at a later stage (1762) to create a fully automated loom, although only some 40 such devices were sold at the time (http://history-computer.com/Dreamers/Bouchon.html).
Another inventor, Jacques Vau¬canson (1707-1782), was given a studio of his own in Lyon at the age of 18 where he conducted extensive studies into mechanical automata which were en vogue at the time. In 1741 he was charged with developing new weaving devices because the French textile industry had fallen behind that of England. Between 1745 and 1750, Vaucanson made further improvements to the loom created by his predecessors, developing the world’s first fully automated loom. Local weavers fought this new invention fiercely, leading to unrest in Lyon (http://history-computer.com/Dreamers/Vaucanson.html).
直到1805年,Jacquard才通过提交专利申请敢于公开。心理或社会原因以及保留政治权力的愿望常常被归咎于未能接受现实,或者只有长时间拖延才接受现实。

2020年11月